Conditional conjugation spanish

Conditional conjugation spanish DEFAULT

Conditional

The conditional tense in Spanish (elcondicionalo elpospretérito) is used to talk about hypothetical situations and probabilities and to make polite requests.

The Spanish conditional tense is formed much like the Spanish simple future tense. Both regular and irregular verbs use the same set of endings, and any stems that are irregular in the simple future are also irregular in the conditional.

Regular Conditional Forms

To form the conditional tense with regular -ar verbs, regular -er verbs, and regular -ir verbs, simply add the conditional endings to the end of the infinitive. Below you'll find a table with the Spanish conditional endings, as well as conjugations of three regular verbs in the conditional: viajar, conocer, and escribir.

Spanish Conditional Endings

yo-ía
-ías
usted, él, ella-ía
nosotros-íamos
vosotros-íais
ustedes, ellos, ellas-ían

Conditional Conjugations of Viajar, Conocer, and Escribir

yo
usted, él, ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes, ellos, ellas

Check out these examples of the regular conditional.

examples

Compraríaesa camisa.

I would buy that shirt.

Sacaríala basura por ti.

He would take out the trash for you.

Si fuera rico, viajaríapor todo el mundo.

If I were rich, I would travel all over the world.

Irregular Conditional Forms

The conditional has relatively few irregular verbs. They fall into three categories:

  1. Verbs where the last vowel in the infinitive is replaced with a -d
  2. Verbs where the last vowel in the infinitive is removed
  3. Verbs that are just plain irregular

1. Verbs Where the Last Vowel in the Infinitive Is Replaced with a -d

Only -er and -ir verbs fall into this category. To form the stem of these verbs, simply replace the e or i at the end of the infinitive with a -d. Then, add the conditional endings.

A good example of this type of verb is tener (to have). Check out the conditional conjugation of this verb below.

Tener Conditional Conjugation

yo
usted, él, ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes, ellos, ellas

Other Verbs like Tener

pondr-
valdr-
saldr-
vendr-
examples

Ustedtendríauna casa nueva.

You would have a new house.

Valdríamil dólares.

It would be worth $1,000.

2. Verbs Where the Last Vowel in the Infinitive Is Removed

Only -er verbs fall into this category. To form the stem of these verbs, remove the vowel from the infinitive ending. Then, add the conditional endings.

A good example of this type of verb is poder (to be able to). Check out the conditional conjugation of this verb below.

Poder Conditional Conjugation

yo
usted, él, ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes, ellos, ellas

Other Verbs like Poder

cabr-
habr-
querr-
sabr-
examples

¿Podríaspasar el agua?

Would you pass the water?

Habríamenos basura en el parque si todos lo cuidáramos.

There would be less trash in the park if we all took care of it.

3. Irregular Stems

The verbs decir (to say) and hacer (to do/make) have slightly more drastic stem changes that don't fit into either of the above patterns. Check out the conditional conjugations of these two verbs below.

Decir and Hacer Conditional Conjugations

yo
usted, él, ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes, ellos, ellas
examples

Diríaisel cuento de tu aventura en el caribe.

You would tell the story of your adventure in the Caribbean.

Haríael pastel si tuviera tiempo.

I would make the cake if I had time.

Unconditionally in love with conditional tenses? Learn more in the following articles:

Sours: https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/conditional-tense

Spanish Conditional Tenses

While the conditional tense does have some links to the future tense, it is not actually bound to a particular time period (meaning past, present or future). The conditional tense, just as its name indicates, is utilized to talk about conditional or hypothetical events. This may sound a bit confusing, but don't worry- we'll try to clear it up a bit.

Forming the Spanish Conditional Tense

Like the future tense, the conditional tense is extremely easy to conjugate in that all three verb forms (-ar, -er and -ir) use the same endings; these endings are added on to the end of the infinitive

Conditional tense endings -ar verbs
AMAR (to love)
-er verbs
VENDER (to sell)
-ir verbs
DORMIR (to sleep)
yo
(I)
-íaamaría
I would love
vendería
I would sell

dormiría
I would sleep


(you)
-ías

amarías
you would love

venderías
you would sell
dormirías
you would sleep
él/ella
(he/she)
-íaamaría
he/she would love
vendería
he/she would sell
dormiría
he/she would sleep
nosotros/as
(we)
-íamosamaríamos
we would love
venderíamos
we would sell
dormiríamos
we would sleep
vosotros/as
(you all)
-íaisamaríais
you all would love
venderíais
you all would sell
dormiríais
you all would sleep
ellos/as
(they)
-íanamarían
they would love
venderían
they would sell
dormirían
they would sleep

When to Use the Spanish Conditional Tense

The conditional has several uses. Here we'll outline a few of the basics. To begin, whenever we use the word "would" in English- for example, "She would love to go to the party" - , it's a sign to employ the conditional tense in Spanish.

  • Le encantaría ir a la fiesta. (She would love to go to the party.)

Secondly, the conditional is also used to describe an action that depends on a condition. For example:

  • Si tuviera más dinero, iría de compras. (If I had more money, I would go shopping.)
    • The condition for going shopping is having more money.
  • Compraría un perro si tuviera más espacio. (She would buy a dog if she had more space.)
    • The condition for buying a dog is having more space.
  • Te llamaría si pudiera ir a la fiesta. (I would call you if I were able to go to the party.)
    • The condition for calling is being able to go to the party.

Another important use of the conditional is to make polite requests or desires known. For example, saying "I want to leave" is a bit harsher than saying "I would like to leave."

  • Me gustaría hablar con el jefe. (I would like to speak to the boss)
    • By using the conditional "would like" instead of the regular "want", you are more politely requesting to speak to the boss.)

To express speculation about the past.

  • Después de conducir todo el día, estarían cansados. (After driving all day, they must have been tired.)
  • ¿Por qué no fue? Estaría en el trabajo. (Why didn't she go? She was probably at work.)

Irregular Verbs in the Spanish Conditional Tense

Irregular verbs are simply verbs which don't quite follow the same rules as regular verbs. In the case of the conditional tense, regular verbs conjugate into the conditional tense by taking the infinitive and adding the endings. With irregular verbs, those same endings are added on to a slightly altered root. Below you'll find a few of the most commonly used irregular verbs in the conditional tense:

  • caber (to fit): cabría, cabrías, cabría, cabríamos, cabríais, cabrían
  • decir (to say): diría, dirías...
  • poder (to be able): podría, podrías...
  • poner (to put): pondría, pondrías...
  • querer (to want): querría, querrías...
  • saber (to know): sabría, sabrías...
  • salir (to go out): saldría, saldrías...
  • tener (to have): tendría, tendrías...
  • venir (to come): vendría, vendrías...

Keep in mind that irregular verbs in the conditional tense are generally also irregular in the future tense.

Sours: https://www.enforex.com/language/conditional-tense.html
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Spanish conditionalConjugaciones del potencial

The conditional is one of the simplest Spanish verb forms. There is only one set of endings and most verbs – even those which are irregular in the present tense – use their infinitive as the root of the conjugation.

To form the conditional of -AR, -ER, and -IR verbs, add the appropriate ending to the infinitive.

Singular       

Plural

1st person     yo-íanosotros -íamos
2nd person-íasvosotros-íais
3rd personél
ella
Ud.
-íaellos
Uds.
-ían

Some verbs have irregular conditional stems, but they still use the same endings as regular verbs. The following table lists verbs with irregular future stems (note that the stem always ends in R, and that these are the exact same as the irregular future stems):

VerbConditional stem Similarly-conjugated verbs
cabercabr-
decirdir-
haberhabr-
hacerhar-
oíroir- * 
poderpodr-
ponerpondr-componer, disponer, imponer, proponer, reponerse, suponer
quererquerr-
reírreir- *sonreír
sabersabr-
salirsaldr-
tenertendr-contener, detener, mantener, obtener, retener
valervaldr-
venirvendr-

* These verbs lose their accent when used as conditional stems.

Here are examples of -AR, -ER, -IR, and irregular verbs in the conditional:

hablarcomerpartirsaberir
yohablaríacomería partiríasabríairía
hablaríascomeríaspartiríassabríasirías
él/ella/Ud.hablaríacomeríapartiríasabríairía
nosotroshablaríamoscomeríamospartiríamossabríamosiríamos
vosotroshablaríaiscomeríaispartiríaissabríaisiríais
ellos/Uds.hablaríancomeríanpartiríansabríanirían


Spanish quizzes Conditional Quiz

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself:

Related lessons

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Sours: https://www.lawlessspanish.com/grammar/verbs/conditional-conjugations/
Mastering the Conditional Perfect Tense in Spanish - The Language Tutor *Lesson 63*

How to Use the Spanish Conditional Tense

One of the best things about the Spanish conditional tense is that it is one of the easiest Spanish verb tenses to conjugate.

Also known as the simple conditional or condicional simple in Spanish, this tense is easier than other tenses because the conjugations for the regular ‘ar’, ‘er’ and ‘ir’ verbs are all exactly the same. Another bonus, there are only a small number of irregular verbs.

In addition to the convenience of the conjugations, the conditional tense in Spanish is used in a similar way to how we would express conditional ideas in English. Every time you think you could use a word like ‘would’, ‘could’ or ‘should’ in English, it is likely there is a Spanish equivalent.

But (naturally, there was a but coming), there are a few situations where English natives typically make mistakes with the Spanish conditional.

In this article, you will get an overview of how to form the Spanish conditional tense. You will learn about 5 common options for where and how you can use it.  You will also get to see a few examples of where English students typically make mistakes with this common tense.

Printable Version:Download this PDF version of the rules for the Spanish Conditional Tense to use as a study reference.

How to form the Spanish conditional tense

The Spanish conditional tense is formed in exactly the same way as the Spanish future simple tense.

You start with the infinitive form of the verb and then add a suffix depending on the person you are referring to.

As I mentioned earlier, one of the most convenient aspects of this tense is that conjugations for ‘ar’, ‘er’ and ‘ir’ verbs are exactly the same.

The only exceptions you need to be aware of are the irregulars verbs—you will learn about these in detail in the next section.

Here I have represented how to form the conditional tense in this graphic:

the spanish conditional tense

To give a quick example, you could start with a regular Spanish verb like:

Pasar

Here pasar is the infinitive form. If you want to conjugate this verb, in say the third person, you simply have to add the ía ending as shown in the graphic above:

Ella pasaría 

This in English would mean ‘she would pass’.

Here you can see a few more examples the regular conditional conjugations in action:

EnglishEspañol
I would speakYo hablaría
He would returnÉl volvería
They would askEllos pedirían
We shouldNosotros deberíamos
She would likeA ella le gustaría

The irregular Spanish conditional verbs

There are only 12 irregular verbs for the conditional tense in Spanish.

As the Spanish future tense is formed in exactly the same way as the Spanish conditional tense, these 12 irregular verbs apply equally to both tenses.

The 12 irregular verbs for the two tenses and the associated prefix are:

Verbos IrregularesPrefijo
PonerPondr
QuererQuerr
CaberCabr
ValerValdr
TenerTendr
HacerHar
SaberSabr
PoderPodr
VenirVendr
SalirSaldr
HaberHabr
DecirDir

Here are a few examples of the irregular conditional verbs in action:

EnglishEspañol
You would putTu pondrías
She would leaveElla saldría
You-all would doVosotros haríais
I would sayYo diría
They would knowEllos sabrían

Now that you know how to conjugate the conditional tense, let’s take a look at a few situations where you can use it.

Use #1 – To express desires for the future

One of the most common uses of the Spanish conditional tense is for expressing desires for the future.

In English, you would use the phrase ‘I would like’ to express a preference for what you would want to happen in the future. In Spanish, you can use the conditional form of ‘gustar’, ‘desear’ or ‘querer’ to express a similar idea. 

I would like to live for a year in Argentina.
Me gustaría vivir durante un año en Argentina.

I would like to find a new job.
Desearía encontrar un nuevo trabajo.

I would like to visit every country in the world.
Querría visitar todos los países del mundo.

What to look out for

You need to be careful with the use of the conditional tense when asking for things in say a restaurant or a shop. In English, we ask for things as follows:

I would like to have a glass of water. 

When I was in Sevilla I went into a tapas bar and asked for a ‘tortilla’ (Spanish omelette) as follows:

Me gustaría tener una tortilla. 

The guy behind the bar looked at me with bewilderment.

Apart from my errant use the use of the verb ‘tener’ in this context—it may appear as more a philosophical question in Spanish than anything else (can I actually ‘have’ a tortilla?)—the conditional tense is only really used in the present for expressing politeness.

While you could say ‘querría una tortilla‘ it is much better to use the conditional tense for desires that are a little more far-reaching than a plate of food just over the barman’s shoulder.

Use #2 – Express politeness

In contrast to the previous point about asking for food in a restaurant, there are, of course, times that call for politeness.

In general, the Spanish language tends to be far more direct than English. But, there still remain situations such as speaking to a police officer, a doctor or asking for a big favor from a friend that require a touch of courtesy.

Something else to consider is the use of the usted form of the verb when you want to be polite. Simply using the usted form in Spanish expresses an idea in a more formal way. You can, thus, and probably should combine the usted form with the conditional tense.

The following examples show how you can ask for something politely in Spanish when the time calls for it:

Could you help me this weekend?
¿Me podría ayudar este fin de semana?

Would you have any information about my son’s case?
¿Tendría alguna información sobre el caso de mi hijo?

Could you give me a medical certificate for my work?
¿Me haría usted un justificante médico para mi trabajo?

Use #3 – To offer or give advice

Another common use of the Spanish conditional tense is for giving advice.

There are a few common structures in Spanish that set up the use of this tense for advice, these include:

Yo que tú, + condicional simple.

Yo en tu lugar, + condicional simple.

Yo, + condicional simple.

The translation of these structures into English are all “if I were you, I would …”. You use the conditional tense here because you are a referring to a conditional situation—if you were the other person.

Alternatively, you can use the conditional tense to give advice in a more direct way as follows:

Deberías…

Podrías…

These two examples translate to English as ‘you should…’ or ‘you could…’.

Let’s have a look at a few examples:

Problem: You are feeling sick.
Advice: If I were you, I would spend all day in bed.
Consejo: Yo que tú, pasaría todo el día en la cama.

Problem: You are throwing a party and don’t know what to cook.
Advice: If I were you, I would make a Spanish omelette and a paella.
Consejo: Yo en tu lugar, haría una tortilla y una paella.

Problem: Your boyfriend’s birthday is coming up and you don’t know what to buy him.
Advice: You could look on the internet to find some ideas.
Consejo: Podrías buscar en internet para encontrar algunas ideas.

Use #4 – For guessing what might have happened in the past

For this section I’m going to break down the past conjugations in Spanish to three basic forms: the simple past, the past imperfect and the present perfect.

You can use the Spanish conditional tense to guess or form a hypothesis about what could have happened in the past but only in the simple and imperfect past tenses.

If you want to form a hypothesis in the present perfect tense you have to use the future perfect tense.

For now, let’s look at a few examples of this use of the conditional tense:

Question: Do you know what Paco did yesterday?
Pregunta: ¿Sabes qué hizo Paco ayer?
Hypothesis: I don’t know, he could have gone to the beach.
Hipótesis: No sé, iría a la playa.

Question: Do you know what country your parents visited on their trip?
Pregunta: ¿Sabes qué país visitaron tus padres en su viaje?
Hypothesis: I can’t remember, they would have visited France.
Hipótesis: No me acuerdo, visitarían Francia.

Question: Do you know why Maria was in a bad mood last week?
Pregunta: ¿Sabes por qué María estuvo de mal humor la semana pasada?
Hypothesis: I’m not sure, I suppose she would have been very busy.
Hipótesis: No estoy seguro, supongo que estaría muy ocupada.

Use #5 – For expressing frustration over something that happened but could have been avoided

Why didn’t I do my homework? Why didn’t I say something to that girl in the bar? Why didn’t I study more Spanish before getting to Spain?

Do you like to lament the past? I know I do from time to time (or more than I would like to admit). If you want to lament an action that happened in the past—this includes doing more or less of something—you can use the following structure:

¡Por qué + condicional simple!

Let’s look at a few actions:

Frustration: Why didn’t I study more Spanish before arriving in Spain!
Frustración: ¡Por qué no estudiaría más Español antes de llegar a España!

Frustration: Why did I eat so much food!
Frustración: ¡Por qué comería tanta comida!

Frustration: Why didn’t I arrive earlier at the airport!
Frustración: ¡Por qué no llegaría antes al aeropuerto!

Possible errors with the conditional tense

A common error with the Spanish conditional tense happens around conditional sentences. Conditional sentences are those that start with the word ‘if’. For example:

If I had more time, I would travel more frequently. 

The temptation is to translate this sentence as follows:

Si tengo más tiempo, viajaría más a menudo. 

This isn’t correct. Certainly, if you did say this sentence in this way most Spanish natives would know exactly what you mean. But, you can improve the translation.

Notice the conjugation of ‘have’ in the English sentence—’If I had more time’. It is formed in the past.

Well, the same thing happens in Spanish as well:

Si tuviera más tiempo, viajaría más a menudo.

‘Tuviera’ is actually the imperfect subjunctive tense which is an advanced grammar topic. It is a topic that you should get to eventually but don’t let it distract you. I put it here to show how the conditional is used correctly in Spanish conditional sentences.

The other way to form Spanish conditional sentences is with a conditional statement in the present. For example, starting with the English sentence:

If we leave now, we will arrive on time. 

The temptation here, is to translate the sentence to Spanish as follows:

Si salimos ahora, llegaríamos a tiempo. 

Here the use of the conditional Spanish tense is incorrect. It is never used with present conditional sentence. It is better to translate this sentence using the the Spanish future simple tense:

Si salimos ahora, llegaremos a tiempo.

So to summarise this section quickly, never use the conditional tense with a present conditional sentence. And if you do want to use the conditional tense in a condition statement, it has to be paired with the imperfect subjunctive.

In summary

The Spanish conditional tense is easy to conjugate and has relatively few irregular verbs. Your challenge is to remember when and where to use it correctly.

If you would like to learn more about the Spanish conditional tense and hear a Spanish conversation with the conditional tense in action, go back and listen to the podcast episode on the Spanish conditional here.

Choose a few examples from today’s post, make a few of your own sentences and then try them out on some Spanish natives. The best way to learn and make something stick in your memory is to use it.

How else could you use the Spanish conditional tense?

Sours: https://www.realfastspanish.com/grammar/the-spanish-conditional-tense-5-uses

Conjugation spanish conditional

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Sours: https://grammar.spanishintexas.org/verbs/conditional/
Mastering the Conditional Perfect Tense in Spanish - The Language Tutor *Lesson 63*

The Conditional Tense

Notes:

  1. The written lesson is below.
  2. Links to quizzes, tests, etc. are to the left.

 

Frequently, the conditional is used to express probability, possibility, wonder or conjecture, and is usually translated as would, could, must have or probably.

The student said that he would study one more hour. (probability, possibility)
What time could it have been? (wonder, conjecture)
He must have been at home. (wonder, conjecture)
We were probably busy when you called. (probability, possibility)

Note: when “would” is used in the sense of a repeated action in the past, the imperfect is used.

To conjugate regular -ar, -er and -ir verbs in the conditional, simply add one of the following to the infintive:

ía
ías
ía
íamos
íais
ían

Here are all three regular conditional verb forms together:

hablarcomervivir
hablaríacomeríaviviría
hablaríascomeríasvivirías
hablaríacomeríaviviría
hablaríamoscomeríamosviviríamos
hablaríaiscomeríaisviviríais
hablaríancomeríanvivirían

Here are the previous examples, translated to Spanish.

El alumno dijo que estudiaría una hora más.
The student said that he would study one more hour.

¿Qué hora sería?
What time could it have been?

Estaría en su casa.
He must have been at home.

Estaríamos ocupados cuando llamaste.
We were probably busy when you called.

The same twelve common verbs that are irregular in the future tense are also irregular in the conditional tense. Their endings are regular, but their stems change in the same way they change in the future tense. Because the endings are the same as all other conditional tense verbs, we show only the “yo” form, and have underlined the irregular stem. We have also grouped them according to their patterns of change.

caber
yo cabría

poner
yo pondría

decir
yo diría

haber
yo habría

salir
yo saldría

hacer
yo haría

poder
yo podría

tener
yo tendría

querer
yo querría

valer
yo valdría

saber
yo sabría

venir
yo vendría

Next, let’s look at some specific uses of the conditional.

To express speculation about the past:

Aquél día correrían más de veinticinco kilómetros.
That day they must have run more than 25 kilometers.

To express the future from the perspective of the past:

Yo sabía que abrirían la tienda a las siete.
I knew that they would open the store at seven o’clock.

To express hypothetical actions or events which may or may not occur:

Sería interesante estudiar chino.
It would be interesting to study Chinese.

To indicate what would happen were it not for some certain specific circumstance:

Yo viajaría pero no tengo dinero.
I would travel but I don’t have money.

For polite use to soften requests:

Por favor, ¿podría decirme a qué hora abre la gasolinera?
Could you please tell me what time the gas station opens?

¿Cuál compraría Ud.?
Which one would you buy?

For reported speech:

Juan dijo que terminaría el trabajo.
Juan said that he would finish the work.

To express what would be done in a particular situation:

¿Hablarías inglés en España?
Would you speak English in Spain?

No. Hablaría español.
No. I would speak Spanish.

Let’s look at one more use of the conditional.

To express an action which is contrary to fact:

Si yo tuviera tiempo, iría al cine esta noche.
If I had time, I would go to the movies tonight.

Note: This last example uses a verb tense you are not yet familiar with — the imperfect subjunctive (tuviera). This topic will be covered in depth in a later lesson.

Finally, a few words need to be said to call attention to the contrasting uses of the future and the conditional. As previously stated, the conditional is used for conjecture and to express probability with regards to a past action, as in the following example:

¿Qué hora sería?
What time could it have been?

Serían las cinco.
It was probably five o’clock.

If, however, the conjecture or expression of probability is about the present, the future tense is used:

¿Qué hora será?
What time can it be?

Serán las cinco.
It is probably five o’clock.

With regards to reported speech, notice that if the main clause is in the past, the conditional is used.

Juan dijo que terminaría el trabajo.
Juan said that he would finish the work.

But if the main clause is in the present, the future is used.

Juan dice que terminará el trabajo.
Juan says that he will finish the work.

Let’s add two flashcards for the conditional tense:

Verb Flashcards
Complete List

Conditional Tense

Infinitive + ending
(-ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -íais, -ían)

 

Conditional Tense Irregulars

caber
yo cabría

poner
yo pondría

decir
yo diría

haber
yo habría

salir
yo saldría

hacer
yo haría

poder
yo podría

tener
yo tendría

querer
yo querría

valer
yo valdría

saber
yo sabría

venir
yo vendría

Sours: https://studyspanish.com/grammar/lessons/conditional

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