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CyberArk Conjur Secrets Manager Open Source

About CyberArk

CyberArk (NASDAQ: CYBR) is the global leader in Identity Security. Centered on privileged access management, CyberArk provides the most comprehensive security offering for any identity - human or machine - across business applications, distributed workforces, hybrid cloud workloads and throughout the DevOps lifecycle. The world's leading organizations trust CyberArk to secure their most critical assets. To learn more about CyberArk, visit, read the CyberArk blogs, or follow us on Twitter via @CyberArk, LinkedIn, or Facebook.

Conjur Open Source is a secrets management solution that helps achieve enterprise class security requirements for the CI/CD pipeline, while freeing developers from the burden of securing and managing secrets used by applications, containers, machines and users throughout the development pipeline.

Linux/Unix, Other CoreOS v1576.5.0 - 64-bit Amazon Machine Image (AMI)

CyberArk Privilege Cloud is CyberArk's PAM solution delivered as SaaS that provides a simplified path to securely store, rotate and isolate credentials, audit and monitor sessions and quickly deliver risk reduction to organizations.

Enterprises can achieve the highest level of security for cloud, on-premises and hybrid environments by implementing the CyberArk Privileged Access Manager solution. This solution allows you to secure, control, monitor and audit all privileged access to your most critical systems and applications.

CyberArk Workforce Identity secures enterprises against threats targeting hybrid IT environments of cloud, mobile, and on-prem. It helps protect against leading points of attack - compromised credentials - via single sign-on, multi-factor auth (MFA), and identity lifecycle management.

Endpoint Privilege Manager protects organizations against threats that take advantage of endpoint privileges, with minimal impact to the end-user. The solution reduces security risk and configuration drift on endpoints while automating user experience and reducing help desk calls from end users.

CyberArk Cloud Entitlements Manager reduces risk by implementing Least Privilege across multi-cloud environments. With no VM footprint required, Cloud Entitlements Manager leverages AI to detect and remediate risky, unused and misconfigured IAM permissions for human and machine identities.

Enterprises can achieve the highest level of security for cloud, on-premises and hybrid environments by implementing the CyberArk Privileged Access Manager solution. This solution allows you to secure, control, monitor and audit all privileged access to your most critical systems and applications.


AWS accounts

This topic describes the plugin for AWS accounts.


Target devices

The CPM supports remote account management for AWS Console accounts.


The CPM supports account management for the following accounts:

  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) IAM Users

  • This plugin does not support AWS GovCloud.

  • Account management is not supported for root users on AWS consoles, but a trusted plugin is available on the CyberArk Marketplace.

  • In AWS, the default region is global, which does not include China. To support AWS China, you need to make configuration changes. For more information, see Configure AWS China.


In the PVWA Platform Management page, make sure that the following target account platform is displayed:

  • Amazon Web Services - AWS

Connection Methods

This plugin supports the following connection methods to the remote machine:


The following table lists the supported password management actions for this platform.









Allow users to change their own password either globally or by group.



Change password for other IAM accounts.




Logon accounts






Logon and change



Allow users to change their own password either globally or by group.

Amazon Web Services, AWS Access Keys

Reconcile Accounts









Change password for other IAM accounts.

Amazon Web Services, AWS Access Keys

Connection Components

The AWS Cloud Services Management connection components can be used with accounts managed by the plugin.



This plugin requires .NET Framework 4.8. If you are using an older version of the CPM, .NET Framework 4.8 must be installed on the CPM machine as well.

Import platform

This procedure is relevant if the platform is not included in installation.

  1. Add the following file categories, if they do not already exist:

    File category















  2. Import the platform.

Account Parameters





The address of the Amazon Web Services (AWS) website, This address appears by default.

Acceptable value: URL


The username of the IAM user. This is required for reconcile actions.

Acceptable value: username

AWS Account ID

The account ID on the AWS console.

This is a 12-digit number such as 123456789012 It is used to construct Amazon Resource Names (ARNs). When referring to resources such as an IAM user or a Glacier vault, the account ID distinguishes these resources from those in other AWS accounts.

Acceptable value: Account ID





The role that can securely access the AWS console.

Acceptable value: AWS role

AWS Policy

The policy that enables access to the AWS console for the specified user.

Acceptable value: Policy ID

AWS Account Alias Name

A friendly identifier of your AWS account ID that can be used for your sign-in page to contain your company name, instead of your AWS account ID.

Acceptable value: AWS account ID

Configure AWS China

To support AWS China, you must make changes to the configuration.


If you apply this configuration, multi-region capability will not be available. Only one region or mode can be supported at one time. When you change the region from global to one of the regions in China, only the Chinese region is supported.

  1. In the CPM bin folder, create a configuration file called, CANetPluginInvoker.exe.config.

  2. Copy the following content into the file:

  3. In the value field, replace the<specificRegionName> placeholder with the relevant Chinese region. For example:

    • China (Beijing) - <cn-north-1>


    • China (Ningxia) - <cn-northwest-1>

    For a list of all the available regions, see


Reduce excessive cloud IAM permissions

Implement CyberArk Cloud Entitlements Manager to detect excessive permissions and generate recommendations to remediate risky access on your cloud platform. Only risky permissions are removed, resulting in least privilege for all human and machine identities while maintaining valid access for Cloud and DevOps teams.

CEM also detects unmanaged credentials for cloud entities with administrative access, enabling organizations to on-board cloud admin and Shadow Admin to PAS

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A hardened and secured Digital Vault used to store privileged account information.

Central Policy Manager (CPM)

The CPM automatically enforces enterprise security policy by automatically changing passwords and SSH Key rotations on remote machines and storing the new passwords or keys in the Vault, all without any human interaction.

Password Vault Web Access (PVWA)

The PVWA Interface is a full-featured web interface that provides a single console for requesting, accessing, and managing privileged account credentials passed throughout the enterprise by both end users and administrators.

Privileged Session Manager (PSM)

PSM enables organizations to secure, control, and monitor privileged access to devices by using Vault technology to manage privileged accounts and record all IT administrator privileged sessions on remote machines.

Privileged Session Manager for SSH (PSM for SSH)

PSM for SSH enables organizations to secure, control and monitor privileged access to network devices using Vault technology to manage privileged accounts at a centralized point, facilitate a control point to initiate privileged sessions, and record all IT administrator privileged sessions on remote machines. The PSM for SSH can integrate with Microsoft’s Active Directory (AD) to provision users transparently on UNIX systems, streamlining user management and reducing administrative overhead.

Privileged Threat Analytics (PTA)

Since privileged accounts are most often compromised as part of an attack, CyberArk's PTA continuously monitors the use of privileged accounts that are managed in the CyberArk Privileged Access Security platform, as well as accounts that are not yet managed by CyberArk, and looks for indications of abuse or misuse of the CyberArk platform.

Privileged Access Management (PAM) 101

Configure AWS credentials on a CyberArk vault

Configure your CyberArk vault with the AWS credentials to be retrieved for use by your instance.

About this task

Store the credentials as an SSH key on the CyberArk vault. When you configure access to the vault on your instance, the name you give to the SSH key must also be used as the credential ID.


  1. In CyberArk, go to .
  2. Enter the following information:
    Device TypeSelect Cloud Service.
    Platform NameSelect Amazon Web Services - AWS - Access Keys.
    AWS Access Key IDEnter the AWS Access Key, as provided by AWS.
    AWS IAM UsernameEnter the AWS IAM Username, as you configured in CyberArk.
    PasswordEnter the AWS Secret Access Key, as provided by AWS.
    NameEnter a name for this key.
  3. Choose Save.

What to do next

If you have not done so already, create a credential identifier on your instance to configure access to the CyberArk vault. For more details, see Configure access to external credential storage for AWS.


Aws cyberark


Protecting privileged accounts is never an easy task. They must be identified and managed, but in most cases it takes time and effort to cover the entire organization's network. This process is even more challenging in Cloud environments, due to their dynamic nature. Instances (containers and virtual servers) are ephemeral and may be spun up and down all the time, which can cause a situation where privileged accounts of critical applications and workloads are not managed while they are active.

CyberArk provides a solution that detects unmanaged privileged SSH Keys in newly created Unix/Linux EC2 instances and unmanaged Windows instances in Amazon Web Services (AWS) environments, and automatically onboards them to the CyberArk Vault. When an SSH Key\Password is onboarded, it is immediately changed. This solution also detects when EC2 instances are terminated and subsequently deletes the irrelevant accounts from the Vault.

Unlike schedule-based scanners, this is an Event Driven discovery that detects changes in the environment in real time. AWS CloudWatch informs CyberArk about new EC2 instances and triggers the CyberArk Lambda function that initiates the onboarding process.

The solution is packaged as a CloudFormation template, which automates deployment. We recommend that customers deploy it for all AWS accounts and on all regions.

This solution supports CyberArk environments that are deployed in the Cloud and in hybrid architectures.

  • Automatic onboarding and management of new AWS instances upon spin up
  • Automatic de-provisioning of accounts for terminated AWS instances
  • Multi region support - Single solution deployment for all regions in the AWS account
  • Near real time on boarding of new instances spinning up

This solution requires the following:

  1. The CyberArk PAS solution is installed on-prem / Cloud / hybrid with v9.10 or higher.

  2. The CyberArk license must include SSH key manager.

  3. Network access from the Lambda VPC to CyberArk's PVWA.

  4. The CPM that manages the SSH keys must have a network connection to the target devices (for example, vpc peering).

  5. To connect to new instances, PSM must have a network connection to the target devices (for example, vpc peering).

  6. The expected maximum number of instances must be within the number of accounts license limits.

  7. PVWA is configured with SSL (unless its a POC environment).

  8. In the "UnixSSH" platform, set the "ChangeNotificationPeriod" value to 60 sec (this platform will be used for managing Unix accounts, and setting this parameter gives the instance time to boot before attempting to change the password).

  9. In the "WinServerLocal" platform, set the "ChangeNotificationPeriod" value to 60 sec (this platform will be used for managing Unix accounts, and setting this parameter gives the instance time to boot before attempting to change the password) .

  10. Dedicated Vault user for the solution with the following authorizations (not Admin):

    General Vault Permissions:
  11. StackSet Enabled according to AWS documentation:

  12. If the Keypair and/or the Safes already exist (and are not created by the solution), the Vault user must be the owner of these Safes with the following permissions:

    Key Pair Safe Permissions:
    Unix Accounts Safe Permissions:

This solution requires NAT GW to allow Lambda access to the AWS resources
For further information, see
For a CyberArk example network template, see:

  1. Download cyberark-aws-auto-onboarding solution zip files and CloudFormation template from

  2. Upload the solution to your S3 Bucket in the same region you want to deploy the solution.(* see note)

  3. Deploy CyberArk-AOB-MultiRegion-CF.json.

  4. Deploy CyberArk-AOB-MultiRegion-CF-VaultEnvCreation.yaml.

  5. Deploy CyberArk-AOB-MultiRegion-StackSet.json.

  6. Upload the old/existing key pairs used to create instances in your AWS region to the Key Pair Safe in the Vault according to the following naming convention:
    example -

*Note: Note: This solution must be installed in every AWS region. For each region, use a dedicated Vault user and make sure the Lambda VPC has network access to the PVWA.

  1. Replace the solution files in the bucket
  2. Update the cloudFormation stack with the new template
  1. CyberArk currently supports onboarding SSH keys for the following AWS accounts:
  • AWS Linux, RHL AMIs: ec2-user
  • Ubuntu: ubuntu user
  • Centos: centos user
  • openSuse: root user
  • Debian: admin user
  • Fedora: fedora user

Amazon AMI/custom AMI with a key that was created by the solution or uploaded in advance to the Safe in the Vault supplied in the solution deployment (not supplied hard coded by Amazon)

  1. Existing AWS instances (pre-installed) are not onboarded automatically (only after restart).
  2. This solution currently handles a maximum of 100 events in 4 seconds.
  3. EC2 instance public IPs must be elastic IPs to allow continuous access and management after changing the instance state.
  4. For the CPM to manage new Windows instances for some versions (see the list below), the user must run the following command manually on all new Windows instances:
netsh firewall set service RemoteAdmin enable

Note: CPM will fail to rotate the password if this command has not been executed.

List of Windows instances that require this command to be run manually:
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Base
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 Base with Containers
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2017 Express
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2017 Web
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2017 Standard
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2017 Enterprise
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2016 Express
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2016 Web
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2016 Standard
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016 with SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
  • There are three main lambdas:
    1. SafeHandler - Creates the safes for the solution and uploads the solution main key pair.
    2. Elasticity - Onboards new instances to PAS.
    3. TrustMechanism - Responsible for SSM integration.

Note: You can find the lambdas by searching in the cloudformation's resource tab

  • All information about debugging is available through AWS CloudWatch and can be accessed easily through each lambda function under the monitoring section.
  • The debug level can be controlled by editing the SSM parameter - .
  • There are 3 debug levels :
    • Info - Displays general information and errors.
    • Debug - Displays detailed information and errors.
    • Trace - Displays every call made by the solution in details.

Feel free to open pull requests with additional features or improvements!

  1. Fork it.
  2. Create your feature branch.
git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  1. Commit your changes.
git commit -am 'Added some feature'
  1. Push to the branch.
git push origin my-new-feature
  1. Create a new Pull Request.

Order of deletion:

  1. Delete StackSet.
  2. Delete the CloudFormations in the following order:
    • CyberArk-AOB-MultiRegion-CF-VaultEnvCreation
    • CyberArk-AOB-MultiRegion-CF

Copyright 1999-2020 CyberArk Software Ltd.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this software except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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