Bauhaus door handles

Bauhaus door handles DEFAULT

My favourite modernist steel door handles and their designers including the Tecnoline and Lubetkin models

A timeless selection from Bauhaus, Gropius, Wagenfield and Burchartz

Walter Gropius, a German architect, industrial designer and teacher was the founder of the renowned Bauhaus School in Weimar. Gropius was born on18th May 1883 and he passed away on July 5th 1969. The school opened in 1919 and closed in 1933.

Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus School. 1883 - 1969

Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus School. 1883 - 1969

The Bauhaus faculty was a pantheon of modernist designers and architects. Gropius’ ideas and philosophy helped to attract a faculty that included Paul Klee, Johannes Itten, Josef Albers, Herbert Bayer, László Moholy-Nagy, Wilhelm Wagenfeld, Otto Bartning and Wassily Kandinsky, all of whom are now household names for the design-conscious. The work of these designers still has a huge appeal to our modern aesthetic sensibilities as they were such innovative designs when they were first produced. Nothing like them had been produced for mass production before.

Walter Gropius is to this day regarded as the paragon of classic Bauhaus design. He studied architecture at the beginning of the twentieth century before entering the design bureau of Peter Behrens in 1907, along with Mies van der Rohe and Corbusier. As an independent architect and industrial designer, Walter Gropius went on to design the simple and functional Gropius door handle, which was first produced by S.A. Loevy in 1923.

Walter Gropius’ door handle design

Walter Gropius’ door handle design

I for one, can not conceive of an Apple or a Braun product’s design without the influence of Bauhaus design.

Dieter Rams, was the head of industrial design for Braun for over thirty years. His legacy in product design can not be underestimated. He left us his principles of good design which he developed during in the 1970s.

Wilhelm Wagenfeld 1900 – 1990

Wilhelm Wagenfeld 1900 – 1990

Door handle in polished stainless steel WD28CHR from Tecnoline from original prototype1928

Door handle in polished stainless steel WD28CHR from Tecnoline from original prototype1928

Wilhelm Wagenfeld’s experience first as student and then as head of the metal workshops of the Bauhaus instilled in him an innate functionalism which informed the career of one of the twentieth century’s most understated yet influential product designers. The handle he designed in 1928 exudes a mechanistic, modernist rigour, its stripped-down design eloquently expressing the downward motion of the lever and the pivoting action of the spindle.

After leaving the Bauhaus, the Constructivist influence on Wagenfeld’s design waned and his products became more human and more ergonomic. The second door handle he designed (in 1966) embodies these changes and Wagenfeld’s influence can clearly be seen in the Ulm school and the designs of Dieter Rams and then in a subsequent generation of product designers from Jasper Morrison to Sam Hecht.

Max Burchartz

Max Burchartz

Max Burchartz’s Lubetkin extended lever handle in bronze

Max Burchartz’s Lubetkin extended lever handle in bronze

Max Burchartz (1887-1961) is best known for his graphics and photo-montages. He was involved in the Constructivist International with László Moholy-Nagy and Theo van Doesburg. Burchartz was an influential (if now relatively forgotten) figure in the development of the door handle during Modernist period. Responsible for overseeing the design of the ranges and the corporate design of German manufacturer Wehag, his hardware designs of the late 1920s reflect the same clarity and the Constructivist aesthetics which also informed his graphic work.

Originally conceived in 1929 as an economy item suitable for social housing, the lever handle was picked up by Modernist architects as an unobtrusive design perfectly suited to the emerging Functionalist aesthetic.

Max Burchartz (1887-1961) is best known for his graphics and photo-montages. He was involved in the Constructivist International with László Moholy-Nagy and Theo van Doesburg. Burchartz was an influential (if now relatively forgotten) figure in the development of the door handle during Modernist period. Responsible for overseeing the design of the ranges and the corporate design of German manufacturer Wehag, his hardware designs of the late 1920s reflect the same clarity and the Constructivist aesthetics which also informed his graphic work.

Originally conceived in 1929 as an economy item suitable for social housing, the lever handle was picked up by Modernist architects as an unobtrusive design perfectly suited to the emerging Functionalist aesthetic.

Sours: https://www.doublestonesteel.com/blog/products/my-favourite-modernist-steel-door-handles-and-their-designers/

German-American architect and educator, Walter Gropius had a major influence on the development of Modern architecture, most notably being the founder and director of Bauhaus.

Image source:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b5/WalterGropius-1919.jpg

The beginning of the Bauhaus

Walter Gropius was born on 18 May 1883, in Berlin; son of an architect father, his studies on the subject brought out a natural talent, completing his first building even before getting a degree. In 1910, he started his architecture firm,  spending his early days designing factories and office buildings, taking a Modernist approach from the beginning. Gropius’s firm had to suspend his activities during World War I; however, even before the war was over, he’d started to conceive his, as of yet, most ambitious project, that would later lead him to international recognition: the founding of the Bauhaus School. Gropius was approached by the city of Weimar, to be appointed as the director of many institutes (the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Arts and Crafts, the Grand Ducal Saxon Academy of Arts, and the Grand Ducal Saxon School of Arts), which were ultimately conjoined as the Staatliches Bauhaus Weimar (Public Bauhaus Weimar). In 1934, Gropius left Germany, and after short visits to Italy and Britain, he finally settled in the United States. There he made his own house, following the same design principles used in the Bauhaus School. Then, he moved to Cambridge, serving from 1967 to 1968 as an academician at the National Academy of Design. He died July 5, 1969, in Boston, Massachusetts.

Image source:http://www.jokerartgallery.com/fotos/des/Gropius/gropius_walter.jpg

Body of work

Gropius’ contributions to modern architecture date as far back as the early days of his career, in his then recently established architecture firm: among his first buildings, we can list the Gropius’ Fagus Factory (1911-1913, Lower Saxony, Germany), a shoe manufacturing plant, considered an essential bit of early modern architecture; the Sommerfeld House (1920) made largely out of “materials taken from a scrapped ship”; the Staatliches Bauhaus (1925-1932, Dessau), commonly known simply as Bauhaus and considered his most notable piece; the Bauhaus Archive Museum of Design (Berlin); the Siemensstadt Housing Estate (Berlin) and the Masters’ Houses (1925, Dessau), composed by three semidetached houses for the Bauhaus masters, and a detached house for its director.

Image source: http://images.adsttc.com/media/images/53de/8598/c07a/80bf/0200/0037/large_jpg/Fagus_Gropius_Hauptgebaeude_200705_wiki_rueckseite-2.jpg?1407092113

After the shutdown of the school and Gropius leaving Germany, his works started touching new horizons: the Gropius House (1937, Lincoln), his own home; the Alan I W Frank House (1939-1940, Pittsburgh); the Aluminum City Terrace (1941, New Kensington); the U. S. Embassy (1959-1961, Athens); the Pan Am Building (1960-1963, New York), which became the MetLife Building after the airline ceased to be, and the Porto Carras Grand Resort, one of the largest vacation spots in northern Greece.

Image source:http://www.nyc-architecture.com/MID/Panam_ex.jpg

In 1923, Gropius designed his famous door handle, seen today as an icon of 20th-century design and often cited as one of the most influential items of applied art produced by Bauhaus; first used in his 1925 design for the Bauhaus building in Dessau, this piece has become the blueprint for all its successors, eschewing elaborate, baroque designs in favor of a sleek, purely functional – yet elegant and balanced – aesthetic.

Image source:http://www.bauhaus-fittings.com/images/grod22_125chr_e4chr_enchr-ar-w260-h0.png

How can we identify Gropius’ style?

As the director and founder of Bauhaus, Walter Gropius was behind numerous innovative designs, often involving materials and methods of construction directly chosen from the most modern and technologically available of his time. Gropius theorized, as published in a 1913 essay, that all design should be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing. Using technology as a trampoline, he transformed architecture into a science of precise mathematical calculations. He believed in creating industrialized and efficient buildings, and often his very own displayed the marks of standardization, mass production, and prefabrication. Gropius also introduced a screen wall system, utilizing a structural steel frame to support the floors and allowing the external glass walls to cover a surface, without interruptions.

Image source:https://media.architecturaldigest.com/photos/564f57fd53d639997adbb74a/4:3/w_740/bauhaus-dessau-campus-architecture01.jpg


Info sources: https://www.curbed.com/2014/5/19/10098442/for-his-birthday-10-works-by-bauhaus-founder-walter-gropius http://www.ranker.com/list/walter-gropius-buildings-and-structures/reference http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/architecture/walter-gropius.htm

Walter Gropius : The Bauhaus style

Walter Gropius

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Walter Gropius

This door handle and the corresponding window handle by Walter Gropius
were almost certainly designed 1923, but not manufactured by the Berlin
company S.A. Loevy in any quantities until 1923. Such handles were
available with various types of angular and rounded plates, roses and
escutcheons. Tecnoline is the only company, authorised by the heirs, to
procuse the original Gopius handle.

Door handle

Pic. Door handle

Designer
Walter Gropius

 

Design

  • 1922/23
  • square angle with round handle

Pictured example

  • large size
  • with square roses
  • standard key escutcheon
  • material polished and chrome plated brass

Article-No.
GroD22/125Chr+E4Chr+ENChr

 

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